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Simple Introduction to MVC Ajax (Post 3)


Now we have partial views loading forms using Ajax and we can call controller methods using Ajax it's time to put everything together.

A picture of a cat.

We're going to start with a blank scenario to make it easier to follow. This makes this a very long post but it puts together everything we learned.

Code files

I managed to coerce PHP into creating a new route on my website. You can see the full code for the classes/views in this demo as follows:


Simple Introduction to MVC Ajax (Post 2)


So far we have seen how to add a very simple ActionLink and attach actions. Now let's load a PartialView using Ajax. Also we want to load a partial view with a different model into our page.

Getting a Partial View using ActionLink

We're going to deal with an object a Dog could "own", so we create a collar class. Let's accessorize our dog with some fabulous collars / add an ActionLink to the Dog/Details view (Details.cshtml):

@Ajax.ActionLink(linkText: "Call An Action Returning a partial view",
    actionName: "GetCollarCreate",
    routeValues: new { id = @Model.Id },
    ajaxOptions: new AjaxOptions
        UpdateTargetId = "ajaxpartialtarget",
        InsertionMode = InsertionMode.Replace
<div id="ajaxpartialtarget"></div>

We can pass the Id of the dog in using RouteValues as normal. The InsertionMode.Replace is default so doesn't need to be defined explicitly, I'm just doing it because it doesn't hurt to be reminded. This ActionLink calls the following method on the Dog Controller (DogController.cs):

public ActionResult GetCollarCreate(int id){
    return RedirectToAction(actionName: "_Create", 
        controllerName: "Collar", 
        routeValues: new { id });

This then directs us to an action on our Collar Controller class (CollarController.cs):

public PartialViewResult _Create(int id){
    Collar collar = new Collar { DogId = id };
    return PartialView(viewName: "_Create", model: collar);

Where our collar is a simple view model:

public class Collar
    public int DogId { get; set; }

    public string Color { get; set; }

    public bool HasTag { get; set; }

We will create a more detailed view in the next part but for now we have this simple view (Create.cshtml):

@model JunkCode.Collar
<div> Loaded the partial view for dog with Id = @Model.DogId </div>

When we build and run this we get the result we want, the view is loaded using an Ajax request, the dog woofs for joy:


Simple Introduction to MVC Ajax (ASP.NET MVC 5)


The jQuery Ajax built into ASP.NET MVC is very powerful but it's hard to know exactly where to start. This tutorial is a result of a few hours investigation so it's written from the point of view of a beginner.

I intend to upload code samples at some point but I need to add a code hosting feature to my website.

Setting up our test environment

We're going to use a very simple example to work with only the details we need. As always we're using a dog class, here's a picture of a dog:

A picture of a dog.

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